Oscar Wilde

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The artist is the creator of beautiful things. [...] There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book. Books are well written, or badly written. That is all. […] No artist desires to prove anything. Even things that are true can be proved. […] All art is quite useless

Oscar Wilde, dont le nom complet est Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde, est un écrivain irlandais né a Dublin le 16 octobre 1854 et mort ° Paris le 30 novembre 1900. Né dans la bourgeoisie irlandaise et protestante, d’un père ophtalmologiste renommé et d’une mère poétesse, Oscar Wilde se distingue par un parcours scolaire brillant. Nourri de culture classique, couronné de prix au sein du Trinity College de Dublin, il intègre le Magdalene College de l'université d'Oxford, où il se construit un personnage d’ esthète et de dandy, sous l'influence des préraphaélites. À l’issue de ses études, Wilde s’installe à Londres, où il parvient à s'insérer dans la bonne société et les cercles cultivés, s’illustrant dans plusieurs genres littéraires.

Au faîte de sa gloire, alors que sa pièce maîtresse L'Importance d'être Constant (1895) triomphe à Londres, Oscar Wilde poursuit le père de son amant Alfred Douglas pour diffamation, après que celui-ci a entrepris de faire scandale de son homosexualité.  Après une série de trois procès retentissants, Wilde est condamné pour « grave immoralité » à deux ans de travaux forcés. Ruiné par ses différents procès, condamné à la banqueroute, il écrit en prison De Profundis, une longue lettre adressée à son amant dont la noirceur forme un contraste saisissant avec sa première philosophie du plaisir. Dès sa libération en mai 1897, il quitte définitivement la Grande-Bretagne pour la France.

Après un enterrement de « sixième classe » (le dernier avant la fosse commune), ses restes sont transférés, en 1909, au cimetière du Père-Lachaise, division 89, à Paris. Son tombeau surmonté d’un monument s'inspirant d'un taureau ailé assyrien, conservé au British Museum et dont le visage est celui du dramaturge (allusion au poème La Sphinge de Wilde), a été sculpté par l'artiste expressionniste Sir Jacob Epstein de 1911 à 1914. 

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  • Mot-clé: Oscar Wilde
  1. Thumb_ritratto-dorian-gray-3d970385-626a-4d46-9e5c-fe45400b424b

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    • ORHANIYE MATBAASI, 1928
    • Librairie: Khalkedon Books, IOBA (Turchia)
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    • Description: Very Good Turkish, Ottoman (1500-1928) Modern cloth. Cr. 8vo. (20 x 14 cm). In Ottoman script. [6], 46 p. Bahtiyar prens. [= The happy prince]. Translated by Salih Zeki [Aktay]. First Edition. Extremely rare. Özege: 1597. Lisez plus
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    La librairie vous répondra dans le 22-08-2017

    • METHUEN, 1905
    • Librairie: Psychobabel & Skoob Books (Regno Unito)
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    • Description: Hardcover. First edition, first printing. No dust jacket. Foreword by Robert Ross. Catalogue at rear dated 1905. Worn and lightly foxed boards with one or two small bumps. Spine is worn and rubbed. Spine ends are bumped. Leading corners are worn, bumped and split. Pages are rough-cut. Foxed page block. Considerable foxing at front and rear. Hinges are cracked but binding appears intact. Text is clear throughout. AF Used Lisez plus
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    • AGUILAR, 1961-01-01
    • Librairie: Librería El Cid Campeador (Cile)
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    • Description: (BBB1) - Madrid - Recopilación, traducción, prefacio y notas explicativas por Julio Gómez de la Serna - Contiene 1320 páginas incluyendo índice - Encuadernado de editorial en cuero completo - Lomo desgastado y puntas gastadas - Nombre de dueño anterior en hoja de respeto - Buen estado Lisez plus
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    • JOHN LANE THE BODLEY HEAD, 1927
    • Librairie: Antiquarian Bookshop Buddenbrooks, Inc. (Stati Uniti)
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    • Description: Early issue of this large-paper edition with an Introductory Note by Robert Ross, a facsimile of the handbill for Richard Strauss' operatic version, and a list of the first English cast of the play. And a copy with the original hermaphrodite plate at the title. With 16 illustrations by Aubrey Beardsley Large, royal 8vo, publisher’s original red cloth with an elaborate gilt all-over design by Beardsley on the upper cover, the spine gilt lettered, t.e.g. xix, 67, [2] ads. pp. An unusually and especially fine copy, beautifully preserved, fresh and bright and without fault. Rare thus. A SCARCE ... Lisez plus
    • A.R. KELLER & CO., 1907
    • Librairie: Antiquarian Bookshop Buddenbrooks, Inc. (Stati Uniti)
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    • Description: 15 volumes. The very fine Oxford Edition LIMITED to only 250 copies numbered by hand in each volume. Handsomely illustrated with tissue-guarded engraved plates by various artist and portraits in photogravure. "Salome" with 4 tinted plates by Aubrey Beardsley. In all there are a total of 48 illustrations. 8vo, in the publisher's impressive original binding designed for the Oxford Edition of full calf, the boards with a elaborate all over raised design in a floral Art Nouveau motif, on the upper cover this design frames a large central bird in gilt, the spine similarly embossed in blind and g... Lisez plus
    • FARRAR, STRAUS AND GIROUX, 1995
    • Librairie: Antiquarian Bookshop Buddenbrooks, Inc. (Stati Uniti)
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    • Description: First American edition. 8vo, publisher’s original brown cloth over boards, lettered in gilt on the spine, in the printed dustjacket with Nobel Prize seal. xviii, 212 pp. A mint copy, as new. A FLAWLESS COPY OF THIS FIRST EDITION. These lectures were given while Heaney was Professor of Poetry at Oxford. From Christopher Marlowe to John Clare to Oscar Wilde and Elizabeth Bishop, he explores the power of poetry to instill spiritual balance and a motion of the soul. His ten lectures speak to “the pleasure of surprise of poetry, its rightness and thereness, the way it is at one moment unforeseea... Lisez plus
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    • 1906
    • Librairie: Dan Wyman Books LLC (Stati Uniti)
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    • Description: 1st Edition. Framed and Matted 9 1/2 X 12 inch etching on paper by Hermann Struck of a Jew reading Torah, signed by Struck in the lower margin. Not dated, but probably from early 20th century (1900-1910) . “Hermann Struck (1876 1944) was a German Jewish artist known for his etchings… Hermann Struck (Chaim Aaron ben David) was born in Berlin. He studied at the Berlin Academy of Fine Arts. In 1904, he joined the modern art movement known as the Berlin Secession. In 1900, Struck met Jozef Israëls, a Dutch artist, who became his mentor. Both were recognized as leading artists of their time. In ... Lisez plus
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    • 1906
    • Librairie: Dan Wyman Books LLC (Stati Uniti)
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    • Description: 1st Edition. Framed and Matted 6 X 8 inch etching on paper by Hermann Struck of a Jew wearing a Yarmulke, signed by Struck in the lower margin. A nice example of Struck’s famous and influential etching style. Not dated, but probably from early 20th century (1900-1910) . “Hermann Struck (1876 1944) was a German Jewish artist known for his etchings… Hermann Struck (Chaim Aaron ben David) was born in Berlin. He studied at the Berlin Academy of Fine Arts. In 1904, he joined the modern art movement known as the Berlin Secession. In 1900, Struck met Jozef Israëls, a Dutch artist, who became his m... Lisez plus
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    • NEW YORK; FARLAG "DI FEDER", 1925
    • Librairie: Dan Wyman Books LLC (Stati Uniti)
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    • Description: Original Wraps. 12mo. 32 pages. 20 cm. In Yiddish. New translation by Aaron Karlin. Front cover illustration by Zuni Maud. The Ballad of Reading Gaol, a 109 stanza poem by Oscar Wilde, written after his release from Reading Gaol in May 1897. Wilde had been incarcerated in Reading after being convicted of homosexual offences in 1895 and sentenced to two years ' hard labor in prison. Subjects: Yiddish poetry - Translations from English. OCLC lists 10 copies. Wraps worn, small chipping to edges; internally clean and fresh. Very good condition. (YID-22-36) xx Lisez plus
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    • [NEW YORK]; S. DRUKERMAN'S BUKHHANDLUNG, 1910
    • Librairie: Dan Wyman Books LLC (Stati Uniti)
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    • Description: Original Wraps. 12mo. 30 pages. 19 cm. In Yiddish. "Oscar Wilde, The Ballad of Reading Gaol, By C.3.3." at top of wraps. The Ballad of Reading Gaol, a 109 stanza poem by Oscar Wilde, written after his release from Reading Gaol in May 1897. Wilde had been incarcerated in Reading after being convicted of homosexual offences in 1895 and sentenced to two years' hard labor in prison. The finished poem was published by Leonard Smithers in 1898 under the name C.3.3., which stood for cell block C, landing 3, cell 3. Subjects: Wilde, Oscar, 1854-1900 - Translations into Yiddish. English poetry - Tra... Lisez plus
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